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INTRODUCTION

FOREWORD
Peter H. Raven

PART 1: OVERVIEW

PART 2: ATLAS
PART 3: CASE STUDIES
PART 4: ISSUES
Sources
Background sources
Contributors
About the atlas
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Atlas Sources

AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science http://www.aaas.org

 

de Sherbinin and Dompka Markham (eds), Water and Population Dynamics: Case Studies and Policy Implications, AAAS, IUCN, Population Reference Bureau, USAID and University of Michigan Population and Environment Fellows Program, Washington DC, 1998

Dompka Markham (ed.), Human Population, Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Science and Policy Issues, AAAS, Washington DC, 1996

AMAP Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme http://www.amap.no/

 

Rekacewicz and Bournay, Major Areas of Oil and Gas Development and Potential Development in the Arctic, Oslo, 1998

Rekacewicz and Bournay, Total and Indigenous Populations of the Arctic, by Arctic Area of each Country, Oslo, 1998

BP http://www.bp.com

 

BP Amoco Statistical Review of World Energy 2000 (and earlier years), UK, 2000, also at http://www.bp.com/worldenergy

CBP Chesapeake Bay Program http://www.chesapeakebay.net

 

Water Quality Database, Annapolis, Maryland, 2000

CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US) http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/

 

Brenkert, Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from Fossil-Fuel Burning, Hydraulic Cement Production, and Gas Flaring for 1995 on a One Degree Grid Cell Basis, CDIAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 1998

Olson, Watts and Allison, Major World Ecosystem Complexes Ranked by Carbon in Live Vegetation, CDIAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 1985

CEFIC European Chemical Industry Council http://www.cefic.org/

Census Bureau of Madagascar

  Some data at http://www.instat.mg/

Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal)

CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research http://www.sgrp.cgiar.org

Choudhury World Forestry Congress, 6, topic 38.6, 1997

CIAT International Center for Tropical Agriculture http://www.ciat.cgiar.org/

CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information Network http://www.ciesin.org

 

CIESIN, IFPRI and WRI, Gridded Population of the World (GPW), ver. 2, CIESIN, Columbia University, Palisades, New York, 2000, http://sedac.ciesin.org/plue/gpw

CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora http://www.cites.org

 

http://international.fws.gov/global/cites.html

Dobson, Conservation and Biodiversity, Scientific American Library, 1998

EC European Commission
http://europa.eu.int/comm/

 

Allanou, Hansen and van der Bilt, Public Availability of Data on EU High Production Volume Chemicals, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, European Chemicals Bureau, Italy, 1999,
http://ecb.jrc.it/Data-Availability-Documents/datavail.pdf

EEA European Environment Agency http://www.eea.eu.int

 

Environment in the European Union at the Turn of the Century, Environmental Assessment Report No. 2, Luxembourg, 1999

EEA and UNEP, State and Pressures of the Marine and Coastal Mediterranean Environment, Luxembourg, 1999

EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov/

 

Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 1992 Update, Washington DC, 1992

ESRI Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (US) http://www.esri.com

 

ArcAtlas: Our Earth, ESRI, Redlands, California, 1996

Fairplay Fairplay Publications Limited http://www.fairplay.co.uk

 

Fairplay Ports Guide, Surrey, UK, 2000, http://www.portguide.com/

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations http://www.fao.org

 

FAOSTAT database http://apps.fao.org

State of the World's Forests 1999 (and earlier years), FAO, Rome, 1999

The State of Food Insecurity in the World, FAO, Rome, 1999

Food for All, FAO, Rome, 1996

Dimensions of Need: An Atlas of Food and Agriculture, FAO, Rome, 1995

Alexandratos (ed.), World Agriculture: Towards 2010, FAO and John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, UK, 1995

FASE Foundation for Advancements in Science and Education http://www.fasenet.org/

 

Fase Research Report, Spring 1996

GLASOD/UNEP-GRID Global Assessment of Human-induced Soil Degradation / United Nations Environment Programme Global Resource Information Database http://www.grid.unep.ch/data/grid/gnv18.php

 

Oldeman, Hakkeling and Sombroek, World Map of the Status of Human-induced Soil Degradation: An Explanatory Note, International Soil Reference and Information Centre, Wageningen, Netherlands, 1990

Gold Institute, The
http://www.goldinstitute.org

Gold Fields Mineral Services Ltd, UK

Hadley Centre Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Meteorological Office (UK) http://www.meto.gov.uk/sec5/sec5pg1.html

 

HadCM3, Hadley Centre, London, UK, 1998

Harvard School of Public Health, Division of Environmental Science and Engineering, and the Center for Health and the Global Environment http://www.med.harvard.edu/chge/

 

Epstein and Sherman, Global Precipitation Anomalies and Associated Disease Outbreaks, Harvard School of Public Health, Cambridge, Massachussetts, 1999

IAATO International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators
http://www.iaato.org

ICLARM International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management http://www.worldfishcenter.org/

IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute http://www.ifpri.org/

IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis http://www.iiasa.ac.at/

 

Leemans and Cramer, The IIASA Database for Mean Monthly Values of Temperature, Precipitation and Cloudiness of a Global Terrestrial Grid, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, RR-91-18, 1991

Independent Commission on Population and Quality of Life

 

Harrison, Carrying Capacity in Relation to Production and Consumption Patterns, Independent Commission on Population and Quality of Life, Paris, 1994

INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática (National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics) (Mexico) http://www.inegi.gob.mx

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change http://www.ipcc.ch/

ISEL Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics http://www.isl.uni-bremen.de/

 

Shipping Statistics Yearbook, Bremen, Germany, 1998

ISME International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems

 

Spalding et al. (eds), World Mangrove Atlas, ISME/WCMC/ITTO, 1997

ITOPF The International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Limited http://www.itopf.com

 

ITOPF Past Spill Statistics, http://www.itopf.com/stats.html

ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization http://www.itto.or.jp

IUCN IUCN--The World Conservation Union http://www.iucn.org

 

1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, IUCN, Geneva, 1996

McNeely et al., Conserving the World’s Biological Diversity, IUCN, Gland, 1990

Jones et al. Jones, Osborn and Briffa, Climatic Research Unit, University of East Anglia, and Parker, Hadley Centre (UK) http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/trends/temp/jonescru/jones.html

Lloyds Register http://www.lr.org

 

World Fleet Statistics, London, UK, 1999

Meadows et al. Meadows, Donella et al., Beyond the Limits, Earthscan Publications, 1992

Met. Office The Meteorological Office (UK) http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/

 

Climate Change and its Impacts, 1993, http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/sec5/CR_div/pubs/brochures/B1999/contents.html

Ministry of Territorial Organization (Dominican Republic)

NADP/NTN National Atmospheric Deposition Program/National Trends Network (US) http://nadp.sws.uiuc.edu/

 

Sulfur Concentration 1999, NADP/NTN, Champaign, Illinois, 2000

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (US) http://www.nasa.gov

 

SeaWiFS Project, Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWIFS), Distributed Active Archive Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Goddard, Maryland, 1998, under the auspices of NASA, http://seawifs.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEAWIFS.html

National Census Data Central Statistical Office of the Ministry of Planning, Bhutan; Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal

Nature Conservancy, The http://www.tnc.org

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (US) http://www.noaa.gov/

 

National Geophysical Data Center, Digital Relief of the Surface of the Earth, NOAA, Boulder, Colorado, 1988, http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/

Ocean Climate Laboratory, Global Plankton Database, National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA, 1998, http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/RESEARCH/PLANKTON/plankton.html

Operational Significant Event Imagery, http://www.osei.noaa.gov/

NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center (US) http://nsidc.org/

 

DMSP SSM/I Brightness, Temperatures and Sea Ice Concentration Grids for the Polar Regions, 1987 - present, NSIDC Distributed Active Archive Center, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1999, digital data available from nsidc@kryos.colorado.edu

OCEI Oficina Central de Estadística e Informática (Central Office of Statistics and Informatics) (Venezuela) http://www.ocei.gov.ve

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development http://www.oecd.org/

 

OECD Environmental Data Compendium 1999, ENV/EPOC/SE(98)2/FINAL

Environmental Indicators, OECD, Paris, 1998

ONE Oficina Nacional de Estadística (National Office of Statistics) (Dominican Republic) http://www.one.gov.do

ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory (US) http://www.ornl.gov/gist/

 

Geographic Information Science and Technology (GIST) Group data, ORNL, 1998, featured in Dobson, Bright, Coleman, Durfee and Worley, LandScan: a global population database for estimating populations at risk, Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 66(7): 849-857, 2000

PopMap An Information and Decision Support System for Population Activities http://www.un.org/Depts/unsd/

Population Action International http://www.populationaction.org/

 

Gardner-Outlaw and Engelman, Sustaining Water, Easing Scarcity: A Second Update, Population Action International, 1997

Ramsar Bureau Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat http://www.ramsar.org

RIVM National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands) http://www.rivm.nl/

 

Klein Goldewijk, A History Database of the Global Environment: HYDE, RIVM, Bilthoven, the Netherlands, 2000, http://www.rivm.nl/env/int/hyde

SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research http://www.scar.org

 

Stations of SCAR Nations Operating in the Antarctic, Cambridge, UK, 1999

British Antarctic Survey, Antarctic Protected Areas, SCAR, Cambridge, UK, 1999, http://www.antarctica.ac.uk

British Antarctic Survey, Antarctic Digital Database, ver. 2.0, SCAR, Cambridge, UK, 1998, http://www.antarctica.ac.uk

Simon, The Ultimate Resource 2, Princeton University Press, New Jersey, 1996

STATBASE UK National Statistics Online http://www.statistics.gov.uk/default.asp

Times Times Books Group Ltd

 

The Times Atlas of the World, Comprehensive Edition, Times Books Group Ltd, London, UK, 1999

UN United Nations
http://www.un.org

 

United Nations Statistics Division http://www.un.org/Depts/unsd/global.htm

World Cities Population Database, UN, New York, 1999

Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Article 3, Annex B, UN, New York, 1997, http://www.unfccc.de

UNDP United Nations Development Programme http://www.undp.org/

Human Development Report 1999, UNDP, 1999

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme http://www.unep.org

UNEP ENTRI Query System, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu:9080/entri/index.jsp
brokers/entri2/query.html

Our Planet 11(2), 2000 (and earlier issues), also at http://www.ourplanet.com

Global Environment Outlook 2000, Earthscan Publications Ltd for and on behalf of UNEP, 1999

Production and Consumption of Ozone Depleting Substances 1986-1998, Ozone Secretariat, UNEP, 1999

World Atlas of Desertification, 2nd edition, Arnold, London, UK, 1997 (and 1992)

Heywood (ed.), Global Biodiversity Assessment, Cambridge University Press for UNEP, Cambridge, UK, 1995

UNEP/GRID-Arendal
http://www.grida.no/

International Permafrost Association, Circum-arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground-Ice Conditions, ver. 1.0, 1998, http://www.grida.no/prog/polar/ipa/

UNEP-WCMC The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Protected Areas Database http://www.unep-wcmc.org

Groombridge and Jenkins, Global Biodiversity: Earth's Living Resources in the 21st Century, World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK, 2000

Information Services and the Protected Areas Unit, Protected Areas of the World, ver. 1.1, WCMC, Cambridge, UK, 1997

UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization http://www.unesco.org

World Heritage Centre, World Heritage Sites, Paris, 2000

UNFPA United Nations Population Fund http://www.unfpa.org

UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees http://www.unhcr.ch

1999 Statistical Overview, UNHCR

UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund http://www.unicef.org

The State of the World’s Children 2000, also at http://www.unicef.org/sowc00/

UNPD United Nations Population Division http://www.un.org/esa/population/

World Population Prospects: The 1998 Revision, UN, New York, 1999, data also available at http://apps.fao.org

Urban Agglomerations, 1950-2015 (The 1996 Revision), UNPD, 1997

Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, International Migration Policies, UNPD, 1995

Annual Populations, 1994

USAID US Agency for International Development http://www.usaid.gov

US Bureau of the Census http://www.census.gov

USGS US Geological Survey http://www.usgs.gov/

 

Mineral Commodity Summaries, February 2000

Global Land Cover Characteristics Data Base, ver. 1.2, EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 1998, http://edcdaac.usgs.gov/glcc/glcc.html

WHO World Health Organization http://www.who.int/

WMO World Meteorological Office http://www.wmo.ch

World Bank, The
http://www.worldbank.org

 

World Development Indicators 2000 (and earlier years), World Bank, Washington DC, 2000, print and CD-ROM versions, some data at http://www.worldbank.org/data/edi2000/index.htm

World Energy Council http://www.worldenergy.org/wec-geis/

World Tourism Organization
http://www.world-tourism.org

 

Yearbook of Tourism Statistics 1999, Madrid

Worldwatch Institute http://www.worldwatch.org

 

WorldWatch, March/April 2000

WRI World Resources Institute http://www.wri.org/

 

WRI, UNEP, UNDP, World Bank, World Resources 2000-2001 (and earlier years), WRI, Washington DC, 2000, print and CD-ROM versions, some data at http://www.wri.org/facts/data-tables.html

Bryant et al., Reefs at Risk, WRI/ICLARM/WCMC/UNEP, Washington DC, 1998

WSP-USDA World Soil Program, United States Department of Agriculture http://www.usda.gov

 

WSP, Global Cropland Degradation, USDA, Washington DC, 1999

WTO World Trade Organization http://www.wto.org

 

Trade Statistics: World Trade Overview and Long-term Series

WWF World Wide Fund For Nature http://www.wwf.org

 

Living Planet Report 2000, WWF, Gland, 2000

Myers, The Wild Supermarket, WWF, Switzerland, 1986

WWF-Colombia World Wide Fund For Nature Programme Office, Colombia http://www.wwf.org.co/colombia/index.php

WWF-US World Wildlife Fund http://www.worldwildlife.org

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