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INTRODUCTION

FOREWORD
Peter H. Raven

PART 1: OVERVIEW

PART 2: ATLAS
PART 3: CASE STUDIES
PART 4: ISSUES
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   Agriculture
   Biodiversity
   Climate
   Coasts
   Coral
   Drylands
   Energy
   Fisheries
   Forests
   Freshwater
   Mountains
   Oceans
   Population
   Urbanization
   Wetlands

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BACKGROUND SOURCES

Drylands

Section II: Dryland ecology

  1. Regular and irregular patterns in semiarid vegetation (Christopher A. Klausmeier, Science, v284 p1826-1828, Jun. 1999)
  2. Quantitative effects of grazing on vegetation and soils over a global range of environments (D.G. Milchunas and W.K. Laueroth, Ecological Monographs, v63 n4 p327-366, 1993)
  3. Influence of nitrogen loading and species composition on the carbon balance of grasslands (David A. Wedin and David Tilman, Science, v274 n5293 p1720)
  4. The forests in the conservation and sustainable development of drylands (Kabii et al., Protective and Environmental Functions of Forests, XI World Forest Congress, v2 p237-243, http://www.fao.org/montes/foda/wforcong/publi/v2/t00e/1-5.htm, Oct. 13-22, 1999)

Section III: Drylands and human population

  1. Aridity zones and dryland populations (UNSO/UNDP, An Assessment of Population Levels in the World's Drylands (magazine), Sep. 1997)
  2. Population and land degradation (UNDP, Sep. 1995)
  3. Drought, migration and population growth in the Sahel: The case of the Malian Gourma, 1900-1991 (Jon Pedersen, Population Studies, v49 p111-126, 1995)

Section IV: Drylands management, policy and development

  1. Debt-for-environment swaps for national desertification funds (UNDP, http://www.undp.org/seed/unso/pub-htm/swap-eng.htm, 1998)
  2. Chapter 12: Managing fragile ecosystems: Combating desertification and drought (Progress Report FAO, Agenda 21, http://www.fao.org/sd/epdirect/epre0031.htm, Jun. 1997)
  3. The forests in the conservation and sustainable development of drylands (XI World Forestry Congress, v2, http://www.fao.org/forestry/foda/wforcong/publi/v2/t00e/1-6.htm, Oct. 12-22, 1997)
  4. Planning for sustainable development in the drylands (UNDP, http://www.undp.org/seed/unso/pub-htm/eis-eng2.htm)
  5. Poverty alleviation and land degradation in the drylands: Issues and action areas for the international Convention on Desertification (UNSO, http://www.undp.org/seed/unso/public/pov-eng.htm, 1994)
  6. A market for drylands and deserts? (Lucy Oriang (Kenya), IDRC Reports v22 n2, http://www.idrc.ca/books/reports/v222/market.html, Jul. 1994)

Section V: Drylands and climate

  1. The Sahara is not marching (Richard A. Kerr, Science, v281 n5377 p633, Jul. 1998)
  2. Environment: Green grass, cool climate? (Jocelyn Kaiser, Science, v274 n5293 p1610b, Dec. 1996)
  3. Warm, warm on the range (Jerry M. Melillo, Science, v283 n5399 p183-184, Jan. 1999)
  4. Grassland vegetation changes and nocturnal global warming (Richard D. Alward et al., Science, v283 n5399 p229-231, Jan. 1999)

Section VI: Dryland agriculture

  1. World's dryland farmers need agricultural technology (World Bank, CGIAR, http://www.worldbank.org/html/cgiar/press/dryland.html)
  2. Small-scale irrigation for arid zones (FAO, http://www.fao.org/docrep/w3094e/w3094e00.htm, 1997)
  3. Drylands: A call to action (IFAD, p2-23)
  4. Agroforestry in the semi-arid tropics (Unasylva, n168, http://www.fao.org/docrep/u5200e/u5200e00.htm)
  5. Making land from bare rock (People and the Planet, v7 n1, http://www.oneworld.org/patp/pap_7_1/Harrison.html, 1998)

Section VII: Desertification (global)

  1. Desertification, drought and their consequences (A.P. Koohafkan, http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/SUSTDEV/Epdirect/Epan0005.htm)
  2. Knowledge base on desertification (UNCCD, http://www.unccd.int/knowledge/menu.php)
  3. Desertification (WWF, http://www.panda.org/)
  4. Forest areas by main regions in 1995 (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/biodiversity/docs/html/w9950e/w9950e02.htm)
  5. Low-income food-deficit countries (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/desertification/objects/factsh/eng/FCT9-e.htm)
  6. Soil limits agriculture (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/docrep/u8480e/U8480E0b.htm)
  7. Number of persons chronically undernourished in developing countries (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.foa.org/desertification/)
  8. Percentage forest loss in selected developing countries, 1980-1990 (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/desertification/)
  9. Where have all the forests gone? (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/desertification/)
  10. Main causes of dryland soil degradation by region (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/desertification/)
  11. Spreading desert threatens Africa (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/desertification/)
  12. Actual and potential irrigation in Africa by region (FAO multimedia collections on desertification, FACTFILES, http://www.fao.org/desertification/)
  13. Desertification: Myths and realities (Olanrewaju B. Smith and Saidon Koala, IDRC Briefings, http://www.idrc.ca/Media/DesertMyths-e.html)
  14. Man-induced desertification? (Monique Mainguet et al., UN University Lectures: 12, http://www.unu.edu/unupress/lecture12.html)
  15. E-Link: Challenging desertification in Nepal (Derepak Gajurel, http://www.envirolink.org/archives/enews/0635.html)
  16. Desertification in Iceland (Rangeland Desertification International Workshop, Sep. 16-19, 1997)
  17. Workshop report: Rangeland Desertification International Workshop (Sep. 16-19, 1997)
  18. Desertification and climate change (Mike Kelly and Mike Hulme, ODA, Tiempo issue 9, http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/tiempo/issue09/desert.htm)

Section VIII: Desertification policy and management and development

  1. The role of forestry in combating desertification (Yafong Berthe, XI World Forestry Congress, Special Paper,http://www.fao.org/montes/foda/wforcong/PUBLI/V2/T10E/1.HTM)
  2. Dryland degradation keeping hundreds of millions in poverty (Nada Osseriran, Convention to Combat Desertification, press release, http://www.unep.ch/iuc/submenu/press/ccd/pr6-97.htm)
  3. The UN Convention to Combat Desertification: Dispelling misconceptions, building a case (David R. Purkey and Rob Buchanan, Sep. 1998)
  4. Fact Sheet 1: An introduction to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=1)
  5. Fact Sheet 2: The causes of desertification (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=2)
  6. Fact Sheet 3: The consequences of desertification (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=3)
  7. Fact Sheet 4: Action programmes for combating desertification (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=4)
  8. Fact Sheet 7: The role of science and technology (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=7)
  9. Fact Sheet 10: Desertification, global change, and sustainable development (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=10)
  10. Fact Sheet 11: Combating desertification in Africa (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=11)
  11. Fact Sheet 12: Combating desertification in Asia (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=12)
  12. Fact Sheet 13: Combating desertification in Latin America and the Caribbean (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=13)
  13. Fact Sheet 14: Combating desertification in the Northern Mediterranean (http://www.unccd.int/publicinfo/factsheets/showFS.php?number=14)
  14. Link desertification solutions to biodiversity, climate change and water issues, UNEP urges (UNEP news release, http://www.grida.no/inf/news/news98/news116.htm)
  15. A new framework for conservation-effective land management and desertification control in Latin America and the Caribbean (FAO, http://www.fao.org/docrep/W9298E/W9298E00.htm)
  16. Toward Improved Indicators to Measure Desertification and Monitor the Implementation of the Desertification Convention (Hartmut Krugman, http://www.idrc.ca/books/focus/794/krugmann.html, Jul. 1994)

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[Background sources: coral reefs] [Background sources: energy]