Atlas Search:
   
 

AAAS > International

   
   

HOME

INTRODUCTION

FOREWORD
Peter H. Raven

PART 1: OVERVIEW

PART 2: ATLAS
PART 3: CASE STUDIES
PART 4: ISSUES
Sources
Background sources
   Agriculture
   Biodiversity
   Climate
   Coasts
   Coral
   Drylands
   Energy
   Fisheries
   Forests
   Freshwater
   Mountains
   Oceans
   Population
   Urbanization
   Wetlands

Contributors
About the atlas
World map and   conversion tables

MyAtlas

Flash version in EARTHscope

Order Print Copy

Contact/Feedback
  atlas@aaas.org

 
 

BACKGROUND SOURCES

Climate

Section I: Climate change and greenhouse gases

  1. Protecting the atmosphere, Agenda 21, Chapter 9 (WRI, http://www.wri.org/rio-5/rio5clim.html, Mar.13-19, 1997)
  2. Climate change: State of knowledge (USGCRP, http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/documents/CCSOKNOW.html)
  3. Climate brief: Searching for a green-house fingerprint (WRI, World Resources 1998-99, p173, 1998)
  4. The science of climate change (Tom M.L. Wigley, http://www.pewclimate.org/projects/index.cfm, 1999)
  5. Climate change information kit (UNEP Information Unit for Conventions, p1-66, http://www.unep.ch/iuc/submenu/infokit/factcont.htm, May 1999)
  6. The greenhouse effect:
    An interdisciplinary perspective (Moti Nissani, Population and Environment, v17 n6 p459-487, Jul. 1996)
  7. Can the climate treaty stop this? (World Watch, v11 n6, Dec. 1998)
  8. Global temperature reaches record high (Molly O'Meara, in Lester Brown et al. (eds), Vital Signs, p69, 1998)
  9. Power surge: Energy use and emissions continue to rise (WRI, World Resources 1998-99, p170-173, 1998)
  10. Carbon emissions resume rise (Seth Dunn, in Lester Brown et al. (eds), Vital Signs, p66, 1998)
  11. Top ten greenhouse gas emitters (WRI, World Resources, p201, 1994)
  12. Carbon dioxide emissions from the use of fossil fuels
    in Asia: An overview (Toufiq A. Siddiqi, Ambio, v25 n4 p229, Jun. 1996)
  13. An estimation of methane emissions from agricultural activities in China (Dong Hongmin et al., Ambio, v25 n4 p292, Jun. 1996)
  14. Chill in the air (New Scientist, http://www.newscientist.com/ns/19990501/chillinthe.html, May 1, 1999)
  15. Climate forcings in the industrial era (James E. Hansen et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, v95 p12753-12758, Oct. 1998)
  16. A common-sense climate index: Is climate changing noticeably? (James Hansen et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, v95 p4113-4120, Apr. 1998)
  17. Can increasing carbon dioxide cause climate change? (Richard S. Lindzen, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, v94 p8335-8342, Aug. 1997)
  18. Greenhouse wars (Fred Pearce, New Scientist, p38,
    Jul. 19, 1997)
  19. Greenhouse forecasting still cloudy (Richard A. Kerr, Science, v276, May 16, 1997)
  20. Climate Change and Human Health, Executive Summary (USGCRP, http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/WHO/WHOEXEC.html)
  21. Climate change and human health (Population and Development Review, v23 n1, Mar. 1997)
  22. Ecology of increasing disease (David Pimentel et al., Bioscience, v48 n10 p817)
  23. Malarial range set to spread in a warmer world (David Sharp, Lancet, v347 n9015 p1612)
  24. Climate change: A greener North (Inez Fung, Nature, v386 n6626 p659-660, Apr. 17, 1997)
  25. Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991 (R.B. Myneni et al., Nature, v386 n6626 p698-702, Apr. 17, 1997)
  26. Plant responses to global changes in CO2: Unfinished business? (Christophe Thebaud, Trends in Ecology & Evolution, v12 p425, Nov. 11, 1997)
  27. Food, Agriculture, and Climate Change: The US and International Outlook (Cynthia Rosenzweig and William E. Easterling (speakers), USGCRP, http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/seminars/9717DD.html)
  28. Agriculture and Global Climate Change, Executive Summary (Richard M. Adams, Brian H. Hurd and John Reill, http://www.pewclimate.org/projects/index.cfm, 1999)
  29. Climate change and world food supply, special issues of global environmental change and food policy (A. Barrie Pittock, Environment, v37 p25-30, Nov. 1995)
  30. 5.3.2 Human-induced perturbations to biodiversity (V.H. Heywood (ed.), Global Biodiversity Assessment, p318-323, 1995)
  31. Global climate: Greenhouse effect and global climate change (Congressional Research Service, http://www.cnie.org/nle/crsreports/briefingbooks/climate)
  32. 89005: Global climate change (Wayne A. Morrissey and John R. Justus, http://www.cnie.org/nle/crsreports/climate/clim-2.cfm, May 13, 1999)
  33. Human influence on the atmospheric vertical temperature structure: Detection and observations (Simon F.B. Tett et al., Science, v274 n5290 p1170)
  34. Uncertainities in projections of human-caused climate warming (J.D. Mahlman, Science, v278 n5342 p1416)
  35. Evidence for human influence on climate from hemispheric temperature relations (Robert K. Kaufman and David I. Stern, Nature, v388 n6637 p39-44, Jul. 3, 1997)
  36. A search for human influences on the thermal structure of the atmosphere (B.D. Santer et al., Nature, v382 n6586 p39-46, Jul. 4, 1996)
  37. Simulated response of the ocean carbon cycle to anthropogenic climate warming (Jorge L. Sarmiento et al., Nature, v393 n6586 p245-249, May 1998)

Section II: Climate change and human population

  1. Population and Global Warming (Wolfgang Lutz et al., IIASA, Apr. 30, 1996)
  2. Population, carbon emissions, and global
    warming: The forgotten relationship at Kyoto (Frederick A.B. Meyerson, Population and Development Review, v24 n1 p115-130, Mar. 1998)
  3. Population, carbon emissions, and global warming: Comment (Paul DeSa, Population and Development Review, v24 n1 p797-803, Mar. 1998)
  4. Climate, population and UNCED+5 (Lindsey Grant, http://www.npg.org/forum_series/sustainability_3.htm, Oct. 1997)
  5. Chapter 11: The effect of changing climate on population (Nathan Keyfitz, in Irving M. Mintzer (ed.), Confronting Climate Change, SEI)
  6. Population and global warming with and without CO2 targets (Stuart R. Gaffin, et al., Population and Environment, v18 n4 p389-413, Mar. 1997)
  7. Population growth could affect global warming (Stuart R. Gaffin and Brian C. O'Neill, EDF News, v27 n6, Nov. 1996)
  8. Global warming policy: Population left out in the cold (John Bongaarts and Brian C. O'Neill, Environment, v39 n9 p40, Nov. 1997)
  9. Population and Climate Change (National Wildlife Federation, Fact Sheet, http://www.nwf.org/population/climate.html)
  10. Profiles in Carbon: An Update on Population, Consumption, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Robert Engleman, Population Action International, 1998)
  11. Stabilizing the Atmosphere: Population, Consumption and Greenhouse Gases (Robert Engleman, Population Action International, 1994)
  12. The greenhouse gas methane (CH4): Sources
    and sinks, the impact of population growth, possible interventions (Gerhard K. Heilig, Population and Environment, v16 n2, Nov. 1994)
  13. Population, consumption patterns and climate change: A socioeconomic perspective from the South (Jyoti K. Parikh and J.P. Painuty, Ambio, v23 n7 p434-437, Nov. 1994)
  14. Population, consumption and atmospheric equity (Robert Engleman, Population Action International, Linkages Journal, v4 n1, http://www.iisd.ca/linkages/journal/, Feb. 1, 1999)
  15. Global warming and population growth: Inseparable (Werner Fornos, Christian Science Monitor, v89 n145 p19, Jun. 23, 1997)
  16. The effect of population on global climate change (Tonalee Carlson Key, http://www.cnie.org/pop/intros/globalclimate1.htm)
  17. The terrestrial carbon cycle: Implications for the Kyoto Protocol (IGBP Terrestrial Carbon Working Group, Science, v280 n5368 p1393)
  18. Understanding Climate Change: A Beginner's Guide to the UN Framework Convention (IUC, http://www.unfccc.de/resource/beginner.html, Jan. 1997)
  19. The Convention and
    Kyoto Protocol (UNFCC, http://www.unfccc.de/resource/convkp.html, Jul. 13, 1999)
  20. 98-2: Global climate change treaty: The Kyoto Protocol (Susan R. Fletcher, Feb. 4, 1999)
  21. 89005: Global climate change II (Wayne A. Morrissey and John R. Justus, http://www.cnie.org/nle/clim-24.html, May 13, 1999)
  22. Greenhouse gas emission abatement: Equitable burden sharing (Fayen D'Evie and John Taylor, Ambio, v28 n2 p148, Mar. 1999)
  23. The Kyoto Protocol: CO2, CH4 and climate implications (T.M.L. Wigley, Geophysical Research Letters, v25 n13 p2285-2288, Jul. 1, 1998)
  24. Pollution permits for greenhouse gases? (Jocelyn Kaiser, Science, v282 n5391 p1025)
  25. The key to the success of the Kyoto Protocol: Integrity, accountability and compliance (Annie Petsonk and Chad Carpenter, Linkages Journal, http://www.iisd.ca/linkages/journal/, v4 n2, May 28, 1999)
  26. A low-cost way to control climate change (Byron Swift, Issues in Science and Technology, p75-81, Spring 1998)
  27. Ministerial talks on climate change set for 2-4 November in Bonn (United Nations, http://www.unfccc.int/press/pr699sb.html, Jun. 11, 1999)
  28. Climate talks to start drafting rulebook for Kyoto emissions cuts (United Nations, http://www.unfccc.de/press/pr5-99.htm, May 1999)
  29. 84 signatories to the Kyoto Protocol (United Nations, http://www.unfccc.int/press/presse/presskp.html, Mar. 16, 1999)
  30. Greenhouse gas deadline pact (Vanessa Houlder, Financial Times, Nov. 16, 1998)
  31. Anticipated climate changes in a high-CO2 world: Implications for long-term planning (Jerry D. Mahlman (speaker), USGCRP, http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/seminars/9799DD.html)
  32. World responds to climate change and ozone loss (Alan Miller and Mack McFarland, Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, v11 p55-63, Summary, 1996)
  33. Kyoto and beyond (Robert M. White, Issues in Science and Technology, p59-65, Spring 1998)
  34. Implementing the Kyoto Protocol (Rob Coppock, Issues in Science and Technology, p66-74, Spring 1998)
  35. Bogging down in the sinks (Ashley T. Mattoon, World Watch, v11 n6 p28-36, Nov./Dec. 1998)

Section III: Climate change and the future

  1. Global change and coral reefs: impacts on reefs, economies and human
    cultures (Clive R. Wilkinson, Global Change Biology, v2 p547-558, 1996)
  2. Ecological and socioeconomic impacts of 1998 coral mortality in the Indian Ocean: An ENSO impact and a warning of future change (Clive Wilkinson et al., Ambio, v28 n2 p188, Mar. 99)
  3. Climate change, hurricanes and tropical storms, and rising sea level in coastal wetlands (William K. Michener et al., Ecological Applications, v7 n3 p770-801, 1997)
  4. Abrupt climate changes revisited: How serious and how likely? (Richard B. Alley and Peter B. deMenocal (speakers), http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/seminars/980217DD.html)
  5. Global warming and the Earth's water cycle: What do the changes mean and why be concerned? (Thomas R. Karl (speaker), http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/seminars/971105DD.html)
  6. Sea Level Rise -- Global Vulnerability Assessment Atlas (CZMC http://www.minvenw.nl/rws/projects/netcoast/gva/, 1992)
  7. Water resources and climate change (Kenneth Frederick, http://www.rff.org/issue_briefs/summaries/ccbrf3.htm, Jun. 1997)
  8. Carbon Sinks in the Post-Kyoto World (Roger A. Sedjo et al., RFF Climate Issue Brief #12, http://www.weathervane.rff.org/features/feature050.html, Oct. 1998)
  9. Changes in carbon sources and sinks: The outlook for climate change and managing carbon in the future (Pieter Tans, Jorge L. Sarmiento and William H. Schlesinger (speakers), http://www.usgcrp.gov/usgcrp/seminars/981201DD.html)
  10. Converting terrestrial ecosystems from sources to sinks of carbon (Richard A. Houghton, Ambio, v23 n4 p267-271, Jun. 1996)
  11. Greenhouse gas mitigation strategies: Preliminary results from the
    US Country Studies Program (Robert K. Dixon et al., Ambio, v25 n1 p26-33, Feb. 1996)
  12. Greenhouse gas emissions inventory and mitigation strategies for Asian and Pacific countries: Summary of workshop presentations and working group discussions (Hoesung Lee et al., Ambio, v25 n4 p220-229, Jun. 1996)
  13. Technology options for CO2 mitigation in China (He Jiankun et al., Ambio, v25 n4 p249-253, Jun. 1996)
  14. Costs of reducing carbon emissions from the energy sector: A comparison of China, India, and Brazil (Jayant Sathaye et al., Ambio, v 25 n4 p262-267, Jun. 1996)
  15. What Might a Developing Country Climate Commitment Look Like? (Kevin A. Baumert et al., World Resources Institute, May 1999)
  16. Burying the problem (David Schneider, Scientific American, Jan. 1998)
  17. Fossil fuels without CO2 emissions (E.A. Parson and D.W. Keith, Science, v282 n5391 p1053)

[Download article as PDF]

[Background sources: biodiversity] [Background sources: coasts]